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6 ways that going to bed late affects your body the next day

Metrosmag,SA

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We all know the virtue of getting eight hours sleep a night, but that new Netflix box set isn’t going to watch itself.

So inevitably we end up going to bed a little later than planned and vowing to rectify it with caffeine in the morning. But do you know exactly what the consequences of your sleep deprivation are?

To do you (and your body) a favour we have looked at a range of sleep studies to show you exactly what you’re doing by not getting your head on that pillow.

1. You are not forming memories properly. 

That foggy head feeling that you only get from a hangover or burning the candle at both ends? Yeah, you aren’t just imagining it.

A study confirmed that sleeping on an idea actually brings clarity to it as going to bed is when your brain is able to consolidate thoughts – a key part of the human learning process. And sleep deprivation, insomnia and taking sleeping pills are all putting us “in danger” of losing memories. Oh dear.

2. You are more susceptible to coughs and colds. 

We know this is the sort of thing your grandma would tell you as she handed you another satsuma, but turns out she was right all along.

By not sleeping, we are suppressing the effectiveness of our immune system according to Senior Physiologist at Nuffield Health, Jade Wells: “Disease-fighting substances are released or created while we sleep, so sleep deprivation can decrease the availability of these substances. This can leave us more susceptible to new viruses and bacteria.”

3. You aren’t performing at your best mentally or creatively.

This one does make us feel a little better (we aren’t just stupid), as experts say it doesn’t take much sleep deprivation to significantly lessen your brain power, ability to make decisions, judgements and evaluate outcomes.

John Groeger, Professor of Psychology at the University of Hull told HuffPost UK: “In lab settings you could detect the difference between an individual who had slept well and an individual who has had just two hours less sleep than they would normally have.”

4. You won’t be focused on work. 

Not only will you not be able to make decisions with clarity, you will also struggle to focus on tasks throughout the day, and give them your full attention.

Professor Kevin Morgan, director of Loughborough University’s Clinical Sleep Research Unit, explained: “Even an hour’s less sleep each night can cause problems the next day, impacting on a person’s cognitive performance and ability to remain alert and focused on tasks.”

5. You aren’t sexually at your peak. 

Ok, now you do have our attention. According to a new study, sleep disturbance and sleep problems can interfere with a woman’s level of sexual satisfaction, which if you ask us, explains an awful lot.

6. You are more likely to argue with your partner. 

Regardless of all the ways sleep deprivation is damaging you personally, it seems we don’t just pay the price ourselves.

In fact, 22% of families with children admitted, in a survey by Netmums and The Children’s Sleep Charity, that their relationship with their partner is negatively affected by their tiredness and leads to more arguments.

So put your phone down and go to bed.

Metrosmag,sa ( inspired by Mzansi Lifestyle ) Mzansi is rich in Lifestyle, a nation diverse in race and culture. Mzansi Magazine explores the rich heritage , versitile culture and the celebrations of Life in Mzansi. Metros Magazine, SA is South Africa's informative Metropolitan lifestlye magazine with all the fresh and important news in Mzansi.

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Health & Fitness

The Real Reason You’re Gaining Weight As You Get Older and how to prevent it.

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Many of us have experienced it firsthand: As the years go by, the pounds become more difficult to keep off. But have you ever wondered exactly why we experience weight gain as we age? Hint: Your eating habits actually aren’t to blame.

There are a variety of reasons, explains Dr. Caroline Apovian, the Director of the Nutrition and Weight Management Center at the Boston Medical Center, professor at the Boston University School of Medicine, and the vice-president of The Obesity Society. A change in hormones, a more sedentary lifestyle, and an increase in stress and decrease in sleep due to added responsibilities are just a few.

“But a major reason for middle aged weight gain is the natural muscle loss we all experience,” Dr. Apovian, the author of The Age-Defying Diet and The Overnight Diet: The Proven Plan for Fast, Permanent Weight Loss, says. “The amount of lean muscle mass we have is the primary determinant of metabolic rate. In other words, the more muscle mass we have, the more calories we will burn. Our muscle mass naturally begins to decline around age 30, and that process, called sarcopenia, accelerates around age 40. Unless something is done to actively protect and build up that lean muscle mass, our bodies will require fewer calories, our metabolisms will slow, and the lost muscle will be replaced by fat.”

So, what can you do to prevent sarcopenia? Dr. Apovian offers three tips:

  1. “Exercise with weights at least twice per week, building up in both weight and intensity as you progress,” she says.
  2. “Eat a diet rich in lean protein sources, including protein smoothies.”
  3. “Get plenty of sleep,” Dr. Apovian concludes. “Amongst other health benefits, this gives the body time to repair and rebuild the muscles.”
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Race Recovery Tips with Caroline Wöstmann

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Powerade’s ‘Power to Beat Your Best’ aims to provide athletes with the tools to achieve a personal best time and will be working with a number of South Africa’s foremost running, cycling and training experts to challenge athletes to beat their best in 2017.

Multiple Two Oceans Marathon and Comrades Marathon champion Caroline Wöstmann shares her tips on race recovery:

Like all things in life, finding the balance between training and recovery is incredibly important for a runner. When you lose that balance, you often end up injured. You will often find yourself looking at your training load and thinking “well, it is the same as it was last year, so I should manage it again”. But you do not take into account what is going on in the rest of your life and the effect that has on your body and you forget about rest and recovery. Training is only part of the formula.

If you are having a stressful week, rather back off on training – do less mileage or no high intensity speed work because your body can only deal with so much. Physical training is physical stress – if you have emotional stress as well, your body will not recover properly. If you are struggling to fall asleep at night or are waking up during the night, it is a sign you have too much stress. Listen to your body.

The scope of your recovery depends on how much your training load is. You do not have to do as intensive recovery if you are not training as intensely. Making sure you get enough sleep is important. If you are training 200km a week, you should ideally have a nap during the day, after getting a solid 8 hours at night. I take a 1-hour nap in the day between my morning and evening sessions.

The second most important thing after sleep, is nutrition. If you are expending huge amounts of energy and missing a meal, your body does not have anything to rebuild with. You need to replace what you are expending, being careful not to eat too much, which can mean you put on weight. I find it is important that I eat something immediately after my session – ideally within 15-45 minutes.

In an ideal world, you will be able to take some time off work to focus on training and recovery. If you have big goals, taking a couple of weeks off after your heaviest training load means you will have more time to recover – and the time away should lower all the other stresses in your life, too.

Having an ice bath after a quality session really helps recovery, but I would only recommend doing that after a hard race or a long run, because it is not fun for anyone. It is only for when you are pushing your body to extremes. The optimal time seems to be immersing yourself for 10 minutes, at 8-12 degrees. Sports massage works well too – a 30-60 min massage every week loosens up the muscles.

Tapering is important to the recovery process too. Once you’ve done all the training, tapering reduces the load and gives the body more time to recover – and recovery makes you stronger.

For more information on ‘Power to Beat Your Best’ visit www.powerade.co.za , the official hydration partner of the Old Mutual Two Oceans Marathon and the Cape Town Cycle Tour.

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Health & Fitness

“Nocebo Effect” explains side effects when switching medicines

Metrosmag,SA

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In the last three decades, countless blockbuster prescription medications for a host of chronic ailments have become available as generics. Currently, about 56% of prescriptions in South Africa are now for generics (IMS, March 2017).

This has shaved hundreds of billions of rands from the nation’s rising healthcare costs and has undoubtedly saved countless of lives by allowing more people to afford the medication they need.

Still, some people believe that more affordable medication can’t be as good as the brand name equivalents and fear that switching to a generic is risky.

Several studies found that generic substitution may be associated with a powerful phenomenon known as the nocebo effect where patients are so convinced that a medication disagrees with them that they start experiencing reduced efficacy and have imagined side effects. This possibly explains why switching from a brand-name medication to a generic version may cause people to report more side effects, even though both medications are chemically identical.

Mariska van Aswegen, spokesperson of leading SA generics firm, Pharma Dynamics says both the nocebo and placebo effects suggest the power of the mind, but should not be confused with one another.

“In placebo, our expectation of feeling better can lead to real physiological changes in our bodies, whilst patients who read about the negative side effects of a certain medication may be primed to notice these symptoms in their own bodies, described as the nocebo effect.”

A study conducted by the American Psychosomatic Society examined the effect that an apparent change in medication had on participants. Sixty-two university students participated in the mock study that tested the effectiveness of a supposedly “new” drug used to treat pre-exam anxiety. During the initial test, patients were told that they were being given the “brand name” drug, which was then supposedly switched to the “generic” version during the 2nd round of tests. Incredibly, researchers found that patients who thought they were being given the “generic” treatment reported more side effects along with a reduction in efficacy compared to when they took the “brand name” medication, even though all tablets were placebos.

“Once a brand-name product comes off patent, a generic medicine manufacturer must ensure that the medication they are producing contains the same active ingredient(s) as the brand-name product, in the same dosage form, at the same dose or concentration and for the same route of administration.

“It also has to prove that it is as stable and pure as the original by meeting certain pharmacokinetic parameters in the body, for example, dissolving at the same rate and extent as that of the brand-name medication.”

Van Aswegen goes on to explain that patients who are anxious or stressed are more likely to suffer from the nocebo effect, especially when asked about the adverse effects of a medication. “They can even be triggered by the manner and behaviour of the doctor prescribing the treatment,” she says.

Generic medication is however just as safe and effective as their brand-name equivalents, and can save you up to 80% on your medication bill. To find out if there is a generic equivalent for the brand-name medication you are taking, ask your doctor or pharmacist for their recommendations

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